The branch of psychology which specializes in assessing, diagnosing, treating and preventing mental disorders in human is known as Clinical Psychology. It studies the emotional and behavioural disorders among the young and adults. The individuals dealing with this subject are clinical psychologists. These people usually do not prescribe any medicines to their patients and are not recognized as medical practitioners although they sometime deal with the medical settings.
Among the many different fields in psychology, clinical psychology corresponds to the most widely spread subfield for the clinical psychologists. The various speciality areas in clinical psychology are:
- emotional disturbances
- substance abuse
- mental health of a child
- mental health if an adult
- learning disabilities
- geriatrics health psychology
The clinical psychologists are engaged with hospitals or other medical organisations or practice privately or in academic institutions. Clinical psychology trains the clinicians with an array of theoretical and technical approaches. Clinical psychology deals with very severe psychiatric disorders like depression and schizophrenia. Clinical psychologists keep constant track records of patient’s assessment, diagnosis, treatment and therapeutic objectives.
Clinical psychologists must have excellent skills required for communication purposes. They must have the element of creativity which is considered as quite an important factor in the course of treatment and various approaches adopted for the same.
In order to pursue a career and a prospective job in clinical psychology a clinician needs to have a master’s degree although for majority of the positions in clinical psychology need a doctoral degree in clinical psychology.
With the help of Clinical Psychology one can help people overcome major psychological disorders. There is a wide scope for research and development as different type of client demands help to look for imaginative solutions to their respective problems. A clinical psychologist can make way for self employment in case of necessity.
Clinical psychology is a health service contributor as well as a general practice provider field in professional psychology. Clinical Psychologists offer specialized services in regards to diagnosis, evaluation, assessment, treatment and avoidance of psychological, psycho-physiological, emotional and behavioural confusions in people across their lifetime. The services included here are the procedures for understanding, forecasting and improve emotional, intellectual, physical, social, psychological and behavioural disorders and mental sickness along with other problems.
The various services offered by Clinical Psychologists are as follows –
- Assessment including evaluation, diagnosis and proper physical check-up
- Intervention including prevention and treatment
- Consultation with other experts in diverse situations
- Activities like supervision, management and teaching
The clinical psychologists are expected to show enough sympathy towards the patients suffering from mental disorders in different ways and also use their expertise while dealing with these patients. A flourishing clinical psychologist must exhibit their knowledge, proficiency, feelings and values as well as their valuable experiences required to offer a high standard of speciality service. They are aware of their patient’s developments and interact with them constantly through discussions with compassion and efficiency. Their course of action includes assessment, interpretation of general tests, constant observation to keep a track of behavioural differences and clinical interrogations.